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The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Review Conference

The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Review Conference

Secretary Blinken will travel to New York for the Nuclear Nonproliferation Review Conference, where he will reaffirm America’s commitment to the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT). He will emphasize that the United States remains dedicated to preserving and strengthening the nuclear non-proliferation regime for future generations. For more than 50 years, NPT has made our world safer and more prosperous, and the treaty is never more important than in times of crisis. The United States stands ready to work with all our partners to ensure a safer world for all.


  • Since it came into force in 1970, the NPT has proven to be the cornerstone of the nuclear non-proliferation regime and crucial to international security. Articles I, II and III of the treaty play key roles in preventing further proliferation of nuclear weapons. These include prohibiting nuclear-weapon States Parties from assisting non-nuclear-weapon States Parties in acquiring nuclear weapons (and in turn non-nuclear-weapon States Parties from receiving such assistance), establishing a link between safeguards and export controls, and by requiring the acceptance of the International Atomic Energy Agency’s (IAEA ) safeguards to verify that nuclear material is not diverted for nuclear weapons purposes.
  • The United States remains dedicated to preserving and strengthening the nuclear non-proliferation regime for future generations. We play a leading role in ensuring that the international community both responds to NPT cases and enforces non-compliance and provides the IAEA with the resources and political support necessary to carry out its important work. We continue to promote the combination of a Comprehensive Security Agreement and Additional Protocol – with a modified protocol for small quantities, when applicable – that de facto standard to reach NPT’s goals and ensure that NPT’s obligations are met. More information about the USA’s approach to non-proliferation and NPT can be found here fact sheet .
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  • NPT is the cornerstone of the nuclear non-proliferation regime and the basis for international cooperation to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and work to eliminate them. The United States remains committed to leading the way in arms control and addressing complex global security challenges. As President Biden said, the United States is “committed to reducing the existential threat posed by nuclear weapons” and “to revitalizing the global nuclear order to reduce the risk of the use and proliferation of nuclear weapons.” Since the entry into force of the NPT, the United States has made significant progress toward disarmament, reducing the U.S. nuclear weapons stockpile and limiting the role of nuclear weapons.
  • Consistent with its commitment under Article VI of the NPT, the United States has a long history of reducing strategic risk and enabling progress in nuclear disarmament, a history the Biden-Harris administration is deeply committed to maintaining and reviving. We believe multilateralism and international cooperation are essential to advancing the universal goals of the NPT, and we are committed to taking practical steps together. More information about the USA’s approach to disarmament and PT can be found here fact sheet .

Peaceful use

  • Since NPT came into force more than 50 years ago, cooperation on peaceful uses of nuclear energy, science and technology (“peaceful uses”) has grown enormously. The parties to NPT are increasingly succeeding in making the benefits of peaceful use available to everyone in a safe and secure manner. Today, thanks to the trust of the NPT, nuclear applications are improving the lives of people around the world and helping to address some of today’s most pressing challenges, including climate change, human health and sustainable development. The benefits are clear and all NPT parties must work to ensure continued access to them in a safe and secure manner, and without increasing the risk of nuclear proliferation.
  • The United States is deeply committed to promoting peaceful uses. Since 2015, the United States has provided more than $395 million to help the IAEA promote peaceful nuclear applications. In cooperation with the United Kingdom and with the support of other NPT parties, the United States has also launched a new effort to expand access to the benefits of cooperation on peaceful uses. In collaboration with the IAEA, Sustained Dialogue will promote greater access, understanding and acceptance of peaceful nuclear technologies, deepen how peaceful use can contribute to meeting the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals, and drive new areas for international cooperation to promote peaceful use in accordance with our NPT obligations. For more information on the USA’s approach to peaceful use and PT see this fact sheet .
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